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2 August 31, 2019


Editorial

1. Jacob Owusu Sarfo
2020 Open Call for Special Issues: Editor-in-Chief’s Note


Articles and Statements

2. Kingsley Chinaza Nwosu, Gabriel Chidi Unachukwu, Victor Chekume Nwasor, Anthony Obinna Ezennaka
Teaching Children with Albinism in Nigerian Regular Classrooms: An Examination of the Contextual Factors

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2019, 6(2): 4-16.

Abstract:
The visual and dermatological conditions of children with albinism (CWA) demand that special attention is given to them to enable them to cope with their studies and daily living. In spite of the fact that they have equal intellectual abilities with their counterparts, a good number of them perform poorly in school and are likely to drop out of school. This study examined the belief/knowledge of teachers and educational practices adopted in Nigerian public secondary schools for CWA. One hundred and six (106) teachers from 12 secondary schools in Anambra State that teach CWA participated in the study. Major findings showed that regular classrooms were not albinism-friendly with regards to the provision of facilities; a good number of the respondents had faulty beliefs and poor knowledge about albinism, and teachers reported that they adopted albinism-friendly instructional and assessment practices. Teachers encountered a number of challenges in teaching CWA such as inadequate instructional facilities, difficulty getting their classmates to accept them in class and inadequate time to attend to them. There was no significant difference in the hypotheses tested except in the school location and instructional practices of teachers. Based on these, recommendations and limitations of the study were highlighted.



3. Jade Kouletakis
Strangers in the Night: A Comparative Study on the Socio-Legal Difficulties of Importing America’s Bayh-Dole legislation to South African Universities

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2019, 6(2): 17-32.

Abstract:
In 2008, the South African parliament passed the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) from Publicly Financed Research and Development Act, which came into effect on 2 August 2010. In doing so, South Africa sought to replicate the apparent success of the United States of America’s Bayh-Dole legislation. One of the express objectives of the Bayh-Dole Act is the increase in university-industry collaborations (U-I). Whilst U-I has not been expressly stated as a primary aim of the IPR Act, the legislative history has demonstrated that issues relating to U-I have permeated the political landscape from the inception of the IPR Act. It is therefore relevant – although hitherto unexplored – to consider whether South Africa’s IPR Act might have the same supposedly positive effect on U-I experienced by the Bayh-Dole Act. In answering this question, this paper chooses to focus on two factors that may be considered particularly pertinent in light of South Africa’s recent socio-legal landscape, namely (a) the lack of substantive patent examinations, and (b) government investment in higher education. To this end, it will be argued that the IPR Act will only serve to have a negative effect on U-I, if any at all.



4. Enoch Kwame Tham-Agyekum, Ernest L. Okorley, Frank A. Amamoo
Alternative Livelihood Support for Reducing Poverty: Snail Project for Kwaprow Community in Cape Coast

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2019, 6(2): 33-39.

Abstract:
The critical importance of employment for sustained poverty reduction and curbing rural-urban migration necessitated this action research. It was embarked to introduce snail farming as alternative livelihood support for reducing poverty in the Kwaprow community at the University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast. The participatory action research design was adopted. Ten perceived poor people were selected from the community with the assistance of the key informants and other participatory rural appraisal techniques. The results were compared and analyzed for emerging themes and patterns. From the research that was conducted, it could be realized that the nature of poverty in the Kwaprow community exists in terms of material deprivation, lack of voice and influence, low human and health development and vulnerability to shocks and disaster. The extent of poverty in the area could be said to be relatively high with indicators of poor housing facilities, poor drainage facilities, low employment, high household dependency ratio, poor road network, environmental pollution and low access to potable water. The causes of poverty were found to gender inequity, lack of access to financial capital for business and low access to land for farming activities.



5. Samuel Harrison-Cudjoe
Preventing Electoral Violence in Ghana – The Security Sector Reform (SSR) Solution

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2019, 6(2): 40-45.

Abstract:
Elections serve many important purposes in states across the globe, most especially as an important means of acquiring or retaining political power. This has led to violence as a characteristic of electoral politics in Africa and Ghana. This paper seeks to provide insights into electoral violence in Ghana, and offer Security Sector Reform as a means of curbing it. The paper also offers some complementary to preventing electoral violence.



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