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2 September 30, 2018


Editorial

1.
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education: What’s New?


Articles and Statements

2. Liudmyla Peretiaha, Oksana Buhakova
Developing Pedagogical Culture of Parents in Kharkiv

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2018, 5(2): 62-67.

Abstract:
This article explored the essence and components of parents’ pedagogical culture development using a mixed-methods approach. One hundred and eighty-two parents whose children study at secondary schools of Kharkiv were sampled randomly for this study. At the initial stage of the pedagogical experiment, parents were interviewed and subsequently made to fill questionnaires. At this stage, participants had low scores for all indicators. Subsequently, participants were subdivided into experimental and control subgroups. In the experimental subgroup, a methodology for parents’ pedagogical culture development was administered while traditional knowledge on parenting was discussed among the control subgroup. Post-test results following this phase indicated that the experimental subgroup performed better than the control. This study has implications for policy, research and social interventions for parents.



3. Alya Wulan Nur Fatimah, Nunuk Suryani, Sri Yamtinah
Development of a Critical Thinking Test Based on Higher-Order Thinking PISA Version: A Tool for Historical Learning in Senior High Schools

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2018, 5(2): 68-71.

Abstract:
Critical thinking assessment is vital in historical learning among Senior High School students. The purpose of this research was to develop a critical thinking test to evaluate the level of critical thinking in historical learning among Senior High School students. The development process of this test followed the Context, Input, Process, Product (CIPP) evaluation model by Daniel Stufflebeam. Validation of this instrument was done by experts and senior teachers in the field (practitioners). Though the total number of items in the test was 25, validity and reliability tests yielded 20 items. In conclusion, an assessment based on the higher order thinking Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) version was as an adequate measure of critical thinking in historical learning at Senior High Schools.



4. Svitlana Mikhno
Didactic Conditions of Students’ Cognition and Creative Independence Formation in Heuristic Learning

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2018, 5(2): 72-75.

Abstract:
This article gives the definition of the concept of “didactic conditions”. It theoretically substantiates the key didactic conditions of students’ cognitive and creative independence formation in heuristic learning. These include the development of individual educational paths based on the use of modern information technologies. It also ensures the variability of the tasks for independent learning activities. Lastly, it aids the activation of students’ reflection mechanisms on this basis.



5. Samuel Harrison-Cudjoe
Quiet Corruption: Anti-Corruption’s Trojan Horse

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2018, 5(2): 76-80.

Abstract:
Globally, the concept of corruption has taken different shades over the years. Due to this trend, may forms of corrupt acts have silently been perpetuated in Ghana. This paper seeks to provide insights into ‘quite corruption’ and how it affects development and standards of living. It also suggests some measures to combat this menace.



6. Mwajabu K. Possi, Joseph R. Milinga
Perceptions on People with Albinism in Urban Tanzania: Implications for Social Inclusion

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2018, 5(2): 81-92.

Abstract:
This article analyses the perceptions of people from urban Tanzania about individuals with albinism. It attempts to evaluate people’s understanding of albinism, their attitudes towards individuals with the condition, and perceived reasons for their inhumane treatment. The findings reported in this article were gathered from forty-seven participants from Dar es Salaam region who were purposefully selected for the study. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews and open-ended questionnaire were used for data collection. Findings have indicated that to a larger extent, respondents had a poor understanding of albinism. However, on the average they felt comfortable having individuals with the condition around them. Nonetheless, respondents also had mixed responses regarding marrying people with albinism. Congruent with the existing literature, the murder are linked to superstitious practices and negative beliefs. In advancing the available literature, a discussion of these findings is offered in light of social inclusion of persons with albinism in Tanzania. To intervene, it is recommended that education should be given to the wider community to help change their perceptions about those with albinism.



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