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Our JournalReview
of Manuscript
and Projects

1 April 13, 2016

Articles and Statements

1. Joel Abah
Kola Nut and Conflict Resolution Among the Igala People of Kogi State, Nigeria

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2016, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 3-12.

This paper examined Kola nut and Conflict Resolution among the Igala people of Kogi State, Nigeria. In a world ravaged by conflicts, certain Africans have kept the fire of brotherhood, through the breaking and eating of Kola nut. Literatures exist on Conflict Resolution, but no empirical study on the topic in question. The aims are to examine (a) the types of Kola nut cotyledons and its relevance in conflict resolution (b) the myths about Kola nut that enhances conflict resolution, and (c) its role in conflict resolution. The qualitative approach was adopted. The sources of data were primary and secondary. The Primary Sources included 20 oral interviews. Purposive sampling was adopted. Content analysis was used to analyse. The secondary sources included books and an unpublished work. The findings reveal (a) two types of Kola nut, (cola acuminata 0-7 cotyledons and cola nitida 2 cotyledons), (b) As regards the myth, it is used to invite and welcome the ancestors during conflict resolution, whosoever harbours grudges against a neighbour after the kola had been eaten will come under the wrath of the ancestors, and (c) It is the harbinger of peace. In conclusion, peace can only be guaranteed when there is security and justice, which could be embedded in a unifying factor(s), like the kola nut. Any community that finds this generally acceptable factor will experience a considerable level of peace, especially when acculturated into every aspect of the modern conflict resolution mechanisms, putting into consideration the indigenous socio-religious conflict resolution strategies.

2. Iuliia Kuzmenko
Modernization of Education as a Condition for Development in Ukraine: A Position Statement

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2016, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 13-18.

In this article, the influence of the process of modernization of Ukraine’s Education is exposed with respect to the development of human capital. Modernization of education is one of terms of development of economy of the state, and therefore requires changes and transformations according to the requirements of market, tastes of consumers, level of development of scientific and technical progress etc. It is certain that education is one of basic factors in nation building.

3. Ioana Cristina Nicolae
Dostoevsky's Shadows

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2016, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 19-22.

In this paper, I bring to light Jung’s Shadow archetype in Dostoevsky’s works and also analyzes their implications in the structure of his characters. Taking into account that the Russian writer’s creation is vast, I shall select a limited number of his works, namely ‘The Possessed’; ‘Crime and Punishment’; ‘The Brothers Karamazov’; ‘Notes from Underground’ and ‘The Double’. We are all burdened with our Shadow and must strive to overcome it, but what happens if we fail or never even try to master it? Raskolnikov’s attempt to free himself from the chains of his Shadow was too late, he had already committed the murder, but not in vain, he succeeded in redeeming himself, and so his effort must be taken into account. This does not help him to avoid the punishment, but offers him a chance after serving it. On the other hand, Smerdyakov’s case is different: he made no attempt to overcome his Shadow, the only argument that he brought in his favor being that he acted fuelled by the desire of fulfilling his brother’s wish. It is clear that, he has no chance for a better future and the fault lies with him because he did not create that chance. Dostoevsky’s characters always seem to be ruled by a tragic destiny, an unlucky fate from which they cannot escape.

4. Goran Rajović, Jelisavka Bulatović
Some Demographic Changes in the Population of Montenegro with the Projection of Future Demographic Development

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2016, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 23-28.

Dramatic demographic changes through which in recent decade’s passes Montenegrin society, the consequences arising from the new realities require a serious socio-political engagement. Process of population aging, that began the seventies of the 20th century, represents a significant problem. The process of demographic change was accompanied by an internal migration to major urban centers, primarily Podgorica and Montenegrin coast, leading to emptying the interior of Montenegro. Unfortunately, this development of the population structure of Montenegro opens a series of questions and challenges that would the creators of the future you should put high on the scale of its priorities. In this text we will point out on change of total number of citizens of Montenegro according to the base and chain indexes of 1921-2011 and population in Montenegro 2016–2091 (cohort model projections).

5. Elena V. Semenikhina, Marina G. Drushlyak
Dynamic Mathematics Software as a Necessary Component of Modern-Math-Teacher Preparation in Ukraine

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2016, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 29-37.

The article discusses the relevance of the study of dynamic Mathematics software by future math teachers in Ukraine. The focus is on the requirement, not only to know about specialized dynamic software, but also to be able to organize an effective learning process with its usage. The arguments for the organization of special courses in the study of dynamic Mathematics software are based on the need to demonstrate the skills of usage of modern Mathematics software. The authors describe their own experience of teaching the course at A. S. Makarenko Sumy State Pedagogical University (Ukraine), which is included in the curricula as variable course of math-teacher preparation, in particular, the successive changes of the content of the course, due to constant and rapid development of Information Technology, during all periods of learning.

6. Oksana Zhernovnykova, Olga Mishchenko, Osova Olga
The Development of ‘Project Competence’ of Future Teachers

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2016, Vol.(5), Is. 1, pp. 38-44.

The essential characteristics and a structure of project competence of future teachers are revealed in the article. The authors notice that, to put into practice projection, that is, to have a project competence, certain skills such as analytical, gnostic, research, diagnostic, creative and reflective skills should be developed in a future teacher. Since project skills require a combination with other specific narrow methodological skills, the authors have carried to them also reflective, research, the ability to find multiple problem solutions, group, management, presentation and communication skills.

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