2 August 09, 2015
1. Ethel Akpene Atefoe, Nuworza Kugbey
Creating a Space for Clinical Psychologists in Healthcare System in Ghana: Is it Necessary?
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 99-103.
The relevance of the clinical psychologists in the health sector cannot be underestimated. It is now recognized that psychological issues play a crucial role in almost every health care condition, and that addressing these issues will increase well-being and quality of life. One important role is the prevention of diseases, through behavior medicine (Ogden, 2000); whereby people can be helped to behave in healthier ways, given that many illnesses or disabilities could be prevented. However, there is a misconception among Ghanaians that clinical psychologists are only meant for the mental hospitals which is due to ignorance about what exactly the field is about. This paper argues that Clinical psychologists can do more in providing healthcare services to Ghanaians beyond mental health services and also makes recommendations concerning the training and placement of Clinical psychologists in Ghana.
2. Elmond Bandauko
Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Urban Planning Advocacy: Lessons from Zimbabwe
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 104-109.
This paper provides a review on the role played by civil society organisations (CSOs) in urban planning advocacy in Zimbabwe. To demonstrate this, the article draws on the cases of the residents, associations and other CSOs from Zimbabwe’s major cities and towns namely Harare, Bulawayo, Gweru and Mutare. CSOs such as Combined Harare Residents Association (CHRA), Harare Residents Trust (HRT), Gweru Residents Association, Bulawayo Progressive Residents Association, Mutare Resident and Ratepayers Association (MURA) and Zimbabwe Homeless People’s Federation and Dialogue on Shelter (ZHPFDS) are instrumental in championing the interests of the urban poor, so that their concerns are represented in the urban development discourse. CSOs are also critical in bringing good urban governance and social justice in cities. Other Civil Society Organisations such as ZHPFDS specialise solely on advocacy for housing land and, within their ambit, work towards ensuring that the housing poor and homeless have a roof over their head. This is an emphasis on the ‘hard infrastructure’ provision. On the other hand, there are CSOs concerned almost purely on the ‘soft infrastructure’ like public awareness campaigns on making city authorities account for their service provision and other related urban governance issues. These groups, like Harare Residents Trust (HRT) often use threat to organise protests and campaigns against bureaucratic injustices and making the resident empowered in informational terms. The paper suggests mutuality and close linkage between CSOs in development and CSOs in the advanced agendas for social justice towards urban sustainability and meaningful governance. Such an approach can be replicated within Zimbabwe, and ultimately across Africa and beyond.
3. Alyssa Batchelor, Margaret Tseng
Challenging the Réal Plan: An Examination of Human Rights and Socioeconomic Marginalization in Brazil
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 110-120.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between the Réal Plan and its impact on Brazilian society – specifically marginalized groups such as impoverished, nonwhite, and indigenous communities. The first part of this research looks at the intersection of race, poverty, and income inequality. The latter looks at indigenous communities and their fight to retain their ancestral lands. By exploring why these groups have not attained any sort of social autonomy in spite of the Réal Plan in the past, we can identify the factors that have kept these groups oppressed and how to help these groups’ progress in the future.
4. Pavel N. Biriukov
On the Accession of Spain to the European Communities
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 121-127.
The article deals with the enlargement of the European Communities (hereinafter EC). Author outlines key questions of the accession of Spain to the EC. Main attention is paid to the characteristics of the conditions of the accession of Spain to the EC. The article explores the role of public authorities of Spain in the implementation of EC documents in Spain. Author investigates the doctrine of relationship between EC norms and Spanish national law.
5. Marie Correa-Fernandes, Brandon K. Dumas, Chanika Jones, Victor Mbarika, Isaac M. Ong'oa
Gender and Development: A Literature Review
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 128-134.
This paper explores the literature on gender and development. Achieving women development requires the considerations of various aspects. Education is an important factor of development but it must be tailored to meet the needs of the target group. In developing countries one of the main barriers to women development is early marriage, which prevents further education, physical growth and power of decision; thus leads to more disparities between men and women. The interpretation of religious beliefs is another factor that legitimates inequalities; organizations have to understand its meaning and find ways to implement development programs in faith-based environments. They also have to advocate change in institutions that sustain disparities for the creation of unbiased policies.
6. Jacob Owusu Sarfo, Josephine Cudjoe, Alexander Fosu, Melanie C. Schlatter
Health-Related Quality of Life Indicators in Ghana: Comparing Type 2 Diabetic and Control Groups
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 135-145.
One hundred participants, comprising of 50 individuals with Type 2 diabetes (DM2) and 50 control group members were matched on both age and education. Using a battery of behavioural measures, data collection was done at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. The results showed that, depression, anxiety, negative health beliefs, cognitive failures, interpersonal sensitivity, hostility and number of complications / clinical manifestations predicted health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among the overall sample. In addition, depression and negative health beliefs predicted HRQOL among individuals with DM2, while cognitive failures predicted HRQOL among HCG. Findings have implications for clinical management and future studies.
7. Jacob Owusu Sarfo, Henry Adusei
Is “One-Teacher-To-All-Subjects” Enough? Ghana’s Public Primary School System on a Slippery Slope
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 146-155.
Primary school teachers in Ghana are made to teach based on the ‘generalist’ philosophy while their colleagues in the high schools run the ‘specialist’ viewpoint. Although, arguments made in support of this perspective may point at the universal training offered to these teachers, little is known about its effectiveness and challenges. Results from thematic analysis showed that both primary school teachers and pupils were generally not comfortable with generalist philosophy. These findings suggest that policies focused on teacher placements in primary schools must start looking at a possible adoption of subject-specific teaching, at least in the upper primary (4-6) levels.
8. Evgeniya V. Vidishcheva, Dmitriy S. Ageenko
An Assessment of the World Experience and of the Characteristics of the Transport Infrastructure of Cities that Have Hosted the Soccer World Cup
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 156-165.
This article features an analysis of the world experience and of the characteristics of transport servicing of large-scale world soccer tournaments, conducted with a view to identifying potential bottlenecks in transport infrastructure, determining the necessary amount and types of transport vehicles engaged in transporting World Cup visitors and participants, proposing recommendations on transport servicing, and helping to take timely measures to make relevant adjustments as part of staging a portion of the 2018 FIFA World Cup in the city of Sochi. The experience of staging the Sochi Winter Olympics will help use the city’s existing transport infrastructure as effectively as possible. Among some of the most crucial conditions for the success of staging a large-scale event are the availability of sufficient territorial space for the unimpeded and safe movement of large masses of people around the stadium and the stadium’s proximity to the key elements of transport infrastructure, as well as to hotels and the heart of the city’s social and commercial life. What complicates the transport planning of major soccer events is the tough-to-predict nature of transport traffic due to the movement of both the national teams and the fans and the highly uneven volumes of passenger and freight traffic during the event. This provides a rationale for instituting additional requirements for the traffic capacity of transport infrastructure, its reliability, safety, and efficiency on the whole.
9. Michael Fuseini Wandusim
Interfaith Dialogue and Christian Witness: Exploring the Challenges and Tensions Involved From a Ghanaian Perspective
Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(3), Is. 2, pp. 166-172.
The Church has over the years interacted in diverse ways with other faiths. Some have been brutal, confrontational and even lethal. Within the ecumenical movement, at a general level, there has been consensus that dialogue should be the approach with which the Church interacts with other faiths. At the same time, she has had to keep the charge of proclaiming the gospel of the redemptive work of God through the person and work of Jesus Christ. The combination of these two aspects of the Church has been very challenging and tension endowed. In this essay, the author explores these tensions and challenges; and some propositions to effectively combine the two tasks are also assessed.