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Our JournalReview
of Manuscript
and Projects

1 April 23, 2015

1. Solomon Kofi Amoah, Josephine Semanu Safo, Linda Ama Owusuaa Amoah
Opposition to Women in Congregational Leadership: A Sociocultural Perspective

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 3-12.

Although many efforts have been made in time past in demonstrating that women are similar to men, there still appear to be a widespread persistent belief that women are indeed inferior to men even until today. What is even worrying is the theological backing that this sociocultural belief of society enjoys. One notices in the literature that God ordains, sanctions, and upholds the spiritual authority of women today as he did in time past as his official spokespersons and leaders of his people. However, the evidence and discussion presented in this paper demonstrate that problems with women being accepted as leaders by congregations, gender differences in pay and promotions, and the experiences and dissatisfaction of women clergy who feel constrained by these gender discrimination is widespread. The paper discusses this phenomenon and presents an often neglected perspective in the discourse – the sociocultural perspective. It interrogates the various stands on women and leadership in congregations. In doing this, the paper explores the position of women in the Old Testament through to the New Testament and the centuries following.

2. Susanna D. Bagdasaryan
The History of the Olympic Capital Sochi 2014: the Scientific Research Aspect

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 13-24.

The article is devoted to the formation of the historical school for the study of the region of the city-resort of Sochi. Regional history is an integral part of the formation of the historical area of the country, dictates the internal processes of registration of statehood, imposes the specifics of the internal and external policy of the state. Sochi as an object of scientific study is the result of the efforts of the last two decades scientists Sochi State University, which raised the question of the transition from the level of regional studies, local journalistic literature to the theoretical approaches of historical analysis using the apparatus of the scientific method. The city of Sochi – the capital of Winter Olympic Games of 2014, leading to interest from foreign historical schools, researchers. This provides a historiographical analysis of the history of Sochi and makes for international studies focus on the role of regional historians, in light of the historical processes which took place on the Northern Black sea region in different periods of historical time.

3. Kenneth Amoah-Binfoh, Joe Sarprasatha, S. Premlatha, Martin Antwi
The Impact of Quality Service Provided by SRM Hospital on Outpatients

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 25-30.

Consumer’s perceptions about the health care services play an important role when choosing a hospital. The quality of service is crucial to both the outpatients and the service providers. The dimensions of the service quality are reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, and tangibles. Customer’s expectations and experiences vary with services. When there is a shortfall between expectation of service level and perception of actual service delivery, it is called customer gap. The causes of customer gap include; not knowing what customers expect, not selecting the right service designs and standards, not delivering to service standards and not matching performance to promises. This paper focuses on the level of service quality rendered by SRM’s hospital, the patient-physicians’ relationship and to examine the pre and post service of outpatients in the SRM’s hospital. A structured questionnaires and interviews were constructed to provide answers to the research questions using a sample size of 50 [employees and outpatients]. It was found out that some outpatients were satisfied with the services rendered by the hospital with reservations for more improvement. It was also found out that, there were gaps between the outpatients’ expectation and perception about the service rendered by the hospital. It was recommended that a competent marketing executive should be employed since marketing is the voice of the healthcare industry.

4. Irene Botchway, BrenyaWiafe-Akenteng, Ethel Akpene Atefoe
Health Consciousness and Eating Habits among Non–medical Students in Ghana: A Cross-sectional Study

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 31-35.

Health consciousness is a determinant of healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle in effect is a necessary condition for academic success. The study was conducted to examine the relationships that existed between health consciousness and eating habits. A sample of one hundred and fifty (150) students from the University of Ghana comprising of all four levels in the undergraduate programme were selected through a convenience sampling technique for the study. Data was collected through self- administered questionnaires which included questions that captured demography, health consciousness and eating habits of the respondents. The age range of the respondents was between 17 and 25 years. Results revealed a significant positive relationship between health consciousness and eating habits (p < 0.05). Findings and limitations as well as conclusions are discussed.

5. Joshua Ohene-Danso
Reward Systems and Performance of Sales: A Descriptive Study among the Ghanaian Insurance Industry

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 36-45.

Ghanaian managers over recent years have taken a steady pattern of organizational policies, aimed specifically at enhancing employees’ development and management. Significant among these measures are recognition and rewards management. The system of rewards at selected Ghanaian Insurance Companies within it Southern Sector operations affected the performance of employees in the sales and marketing of products. Descriptive results indicate that, reward strategies are significant in providing an incentive to employees to work. It is recommended that total rewards should be extended to cover job security and other benefits in the form of recognition.

6. Elena Yu. Litsareva
“Pivot” Toward Asia: The Strategic Direction of Russia’s Foreign Policy Concept in a Changing Balance of Powers

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 46-53.

The article examines some reasons of the “Russia’s pivot” toward Asia at the turn of the XX-XXI centuries. The Asian policy of the Russia was starting to change at the second half of the 1990s. Russia conducted its policy at the East Asia in a view of the changed balance of national interests, regardless of the ideological considerations and attached a special importance to the economic cooperation. Developing the external political concept and determining the priority areas for development, Russia has had to reckon with the objective processes, occurring in the world. Russia, as the "Eurasian" power, building relations with the Asia-Pacific countries, was to have a vital task - to raise the political and economic cooperation with the Asia-Pacific region to the level, achieved by Russia in Europe. Gradually, the East Asia has become the priority strategic direction of the Russia positioning in the world. For a long time it was thought that using its geostrategic position, Russia could be an important factor in the global political and economic system, linking Europe and Asia-Pacific markets. Russia Federation supported the East Asia countries in ensuring regional security and stability. Analysis of the Asia-Pacific regional political situation shows that there are significant changes here and these changes are largely connected with the significant changes in the global balance of powers. In the course of the Ukrainian events (spring 2014) and entering the West economic sanctions against Russia in connection with the accession of the Crimea, Russian “pivot” toward Asia, in particular the East Asia, looks entirely justified and reasonable.

7. Comfort Nora Ntim, Jacob Owusu Sarfo
Body Image and Eating Disorders among Female Students: A Pilot Nutritional Psychology Study in Ghana

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 54-57.

Body image and eating disorders have emerged as an essential facet of bio-psychosocial well-being. Although considered less prevalent in Ghana than in the West, body image and eating disorders are issues of global concern. One hundred (100) female participants with a mean age of approximately 21 years were recruited after informed consent for this pilot study. Results showed a positive correlation between body image and eating disorders. In addition, there was no significant difference between the levels of university education on female body image and eating distortions in Ghana. These findings underscore the importance for more future studies in nutritional psychology and related clinical management.

8. Austin O. Omomia
Religious Fanaticism and “Boko Haram” Insurgency in Nigeria: Implications for National Security

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 58-73.

Nigeria is commonly adjudged as the “Giant of Africa”. No doubt, the African continent has witnessed drastic socio-political transformation between the periods 1960 to date. Ironically, since Nigeria became an independent nation on October, 1st 1960, she has been confronted with myriad of socio-political challenges. Notable among these, is religious fanaticism. This, in recent times, is encapsulated in grave religious insurgency, manifested in the “Boko Haram” challenge. This paper therefore addresses the relationship between religious fanaticism and security, how they affect each other (positively or negatively). It also examined the present security challenge in Nigeria, and attempts to advance some panaceas in achieving true security. Thus, articulating the benefits of security as genuine precursors for sustainable development of Nigeria. The paper applied historical and sociological methodology in its investigation. It is recommended among others, that the adherents of the different religions should embrace dialogue and tolerance. The government should also pursue the challenge posed by youth unemployment with the right vigour.

9. Mark V. Shugurov
TRIPS Agreement, International Technology Transfer and Least Developed Countries

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 74-85.

The author examines the role of the trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights (TRIPS Agreement) in facilitation the international technology transfer to least developed countries (LDCs). The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the new conditions of technology development of LDCs connected with TRIPS adoption. Special attention is paid to the potentials of Article 66.2 for solving the problem of LDCs capacity building. The article presents detailed analysis of the discussions on the impact of the TRIPS provisions concerning the strengthening of the intellectual property rights (IPRs) and the protection of technology transfer to LDCs. An important finding of this study is the recognition of the need to take urgent measures for the transition unto a new model of partnership between developed countries and LDCs in area of technology transfer and IPRs protection. The study concluded that a new model needed to be elaborated at the international level should be based on the effective implementation of Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement.

10. Aleriza Marya L. Trias, Pearly P. Lim
Self-Concept and Variables Related to Preparedness for Dental Practice: Basis for a Proposed Program Enhancement

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 86-91.

The aim of this study is to obtain information about graduating students’ self-concept and variables related to preparedness for dental practice. A self-constructed questionnaire which was first validated by 26 administrators, selected faculty and students of the School of Dentistry of Centro Escolar University, Manila, were personally given to the graduating students. The respondents were the 198 graduating students for March 2014. Foreign students were also included in the study. Using a 5-point Likert scale, the questionnaire assessed the self-concept and variables related to preparedness for dental practice self-perceived preparedness. Statistical tools that were used for the study are percentage, frequency, standard deviation, weighted mean, t-test and analysis of variance. The data gathered were interpreted as very large extent, large extent, moderate extent, little extent, very little extent. Based on the findings of the study, most of the graduating students see themselves prepared to a large extent for dental practice. However, the clinical infirmary ranked the lowest in its group with number of module units available, safety, cleanliness and orderliness of the infirmary and modernity of equipment giving the results of to a moderate extent. Moreover, the lack of training dental emergencies as well as Orthodontics and Periodontics will need to be addressed by program enhancements such as additional hours in subjects, workshops and seminars.

11. Michael Fuseini Wandusim
Christianity in Africa: A Beacon of Hope for Christianity in Europe

Journal of Advocacy, Research and Education, 2015, Vol.(2), Is. 1, pp. 92-96.

World Christianity has experienced several changes including its spread and decline across the world. Following what Andrew F. Walls terms as “Serial character of Christian advance,” Christianity has moved from Europe, its previous heartland to other continents like Africa, Asia and Latin America. Today in Europe, in general terms, Christianity can be described in words such as ‘declining’, ‘empty pews’, ‘dying’, ‘few pews filled with only old folks’, etc. Given the seemingly hopeless nature of the condition of Christianity in Europe, this article seeks to argue that Christianity in Africa provides hope for world Christianity in the light of the dying state of it in Europe, its erstwhile heartland. The article explores the phenomena of globalization and migration as media through which Christianity in Africa provides this hope to Europe and World Christianity at large.

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